Diabetes, Diabetes Symptoms, Diabetes Diet and Health Care Tips


Diabetes, Diabetes Symptoms, Diabetes Diet and Health Care Tips



Diabetes is disease in which the body cannot convert food into energy because of a lack of insulin (a hormone produced by the pancreas), or because of an inability to use insulin.Diabetes is a serious condition that can cause complications ranging from numbness to loss of vision to coma. It also significant raised the risk for other problems, such as stroke and heart disease. About 20 millions Americans and 70 millions Indians and approximately it is estimated that around 415 millions of peoples in all over world have diabetes. 


Because the symptoms of diabetes can be hard to detect many people are surprised to learn they have diabetes. Diabetes can be hereditary so if you have a family history you should be aware that you may be a candidate yourself.

There are two types pf diabetes.:- 

Type 1 Diabetes 
Type 2 Diabetes

Type 1 is most common in children. Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes and found in over 90% of all cases.

Type 2 diabetes :The most common form diabetes is type 2 and the number one risk factor for this type of diabetes is obesity. The definition of obesity is when you have a body weight that is 20% or more than the recommended weight for your body, gender, age and height. 

Type 1 diabetes : It is usually first diagnosed as a pancreatic disease during childhood or adolescence, although in some cases it may occur in middle age. People with type 1 diabetes do not naturally produce enough insulin for their body. Thus, these people are required to regularly take insulin injections throughout their life.
While type 1 diabetes is relatively rare, type 2 diabetes is becoming an increasingly common condition among adults and children. Although originally considered a condition in which only adults suffer, this disease is now being seen more commonly in adolescents. Some studies published in the last decade have found that children aged 8 or 9 years have pre-diabetes symptoms.
Each year millions of dollars are invested in researching the exact causes of Type 2 Diabetes, but those causes have yet to be identified. Obesity, however, has been seen as one of the major contributing factors.
Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, people who are obese can produce a lot of insulin. But because of their weight, they simply cannot make the best use of it. As a result, your pancreas continues to produce an increasing amount of insulin.
Here are other symptoms of diabetes
- Frequent bathroom trip
- Excessive thirst
- Extreme hunger
- Unusual weight loss
- Increased fatigue
- Irritability
- Blurry vision
Did you know that almost 1/3 of the people with diabetes do not know they have it. This is why you need to be checked on regular basis id you have any reason to think you have or may someday have diabetes. 






Controlled Diabetes: How Lifestyle, Daily Routine Affect Blood Sugar  


Controlled diabetes requires awareness. Learn what to do about raising and lowering your blood sugar - and how to control these factors day by day.

Keeping your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your doctor can be challenging. That's because so many things make your blood sugar levels change, sometimes unexpectedly. Following are some factors that may affect your blood sugar levels.

Meal

Healthy eating is one of the pillars of a healthy life - with or without diabetes. But if you have diabetes, you need to know how foods affect your blood sugar levels. Not only the type of food you eat, but also how much and the combinations of types of food you eat.

What to do:

Learn more about carbohydrate counting and portion size. The key to diabetes control is learning to count carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are the foods that often have the biggest impact on your blood sugar levels. And for people who take insulin at mealtimes, it is crucial to know the amount of carbohydrates in their diet in order to get the proper dose of insulin.

Know which portion is appropriate for each type of food. Simplify your meal control by taking notes on the portions of food you eat often. Use measuring cups or a scale to ensure proper serving and accurate carbohydrate counting.

Make each meal well balanced. As much as possible, control for each meal to have a good mix of starches, fruits and vegetables, protein and fats. It is especially important to pay attention to the types of carbs you choose. Some carbohydrates, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, are better for you than others. These foods are low in carbohydrates and contain fiber that helps keep your blood sugar levels more stable. Talk to your doctor, nurse or nutritionist about the best food choices and the appropriate balance of food types.
controlled diabetes
Coordinate your meals and medications. Too little food in proportion to your diabetes medications - especially insulin - can result in dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Overeating can cause your blood sugar level to rise too much (hyperglycemia). Talk to your doctor about how to best coordinate meal and medication schedules.
Avoid drinks with sweetener . Sweetened beverages - including those sweetened with corn syrup or sucrose - tend to be high in calories and offer little in nutrition. And because they cause blood sugar to rise rapidly, it is best to avoid these types of drinks if you have diabetes.

Exercise

Physical activity is another important part of your diabetes control . When you exercise, your muscles use sugar (glucose) to expend energy. Regular physical activity also helps your body use insulin more efficiently.

These factors work together to lower your blood sugar level. The harder the training, the longer the effect lasts. But even light activities - such as housework, gardening or walking for long periods - can improve your blood sugar level.

What to do:

Talk to your doctor about an exercise plan . Ask your doctor what type of exercise is right for you. In general, most adults should exercise at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. If you have been inactive for a long time, your doctor may want to check your overall health before advising you. He can recommend the right balance of aerobic and muscle strengthening exercises.

Keep a regular exercise schedule. Talk to your doctor about the best time of day for you to exercise so that your workout routine is coordinated with your meal and medication schedules.

Know your numbers. Talk to your doctor about what blood sugar levels are appropriate for you before starting exercise.

Check your sugar level before, during and after exercise, especially if you take insulin or medications that lower your blood sugar. Exercise can lower your sugar levels even a day later, especially if the activity is new to you, or if you are exercising at a more intense level. Be aware of low blood sugar warning signs such as feeling unsteady, weak, tired, hungry, dizzy, irritable, anxious or confused.

Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water during exercise as dehydration can affect sugar levels.

Be ready. Always have a small snack with you during exercise in case your blood sugar drops too much. Wear a medical ID bracelet when you are exercising.

Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. If you take insulin, you may need to reduce your insulin dose before exercise or wait some time after exercise to inject insulin. Your doctor can advise you on appropriate changes in your medication. You may also need to adjust treatment if you have increased your exercise routine.


Medication

Insulin and other diabetes medications are designed to lower your blood sugar levels when diet or exercise are not sufficient to control diabetes . But the effectiveness of these medicines depends on the timing and the size of the dose. Medications you take for purposes other than diabetes can also affect your blood sugar levels.

What to do:

Store insulin properly. Insulin that is improperly stored or past its expiration date may not be effective. Insulin is especially sensitive to temperature extremes.

Report problems to your doctor. If your diabetes medicines cause your sugar level to drop or are consistently too high, your dose or time may need to be adjusted.

Be cautious with new medications . If you are considering an over-the-counter medication or your doctor prescribes a new drug to treat another condition - such as high blood pressure or high cholesterol - ask your doctor if the medicine can affect your sugar levels. Sometimes an alternative medicine may be recommended. Always check with your doctor before taking any new medications, so you know how it can affect your blood sugar.
controlled diabetes 2

Disease

When you are sick, your body produces stress-related hormones that help your body fight disease, but it can also increase your blood sugar level.

What to do:

Plan ahead. Include instructions on which medications to take, how to check blood sugar and urine ketone levels often, how to adjust medication doses, and when to call your doctor.

Continue to take the diabetes medicine However, if you are unable to eat because of nausea or vomiting, contact your doctor. In these situations, you may need to adjust your insulin dose or temporarily stop taking your medication because of a risk of hypoglycaemia.
If you can, continuing to eat as usual will help you control your blood sugar levels. Maintain a supply of foods that are easy on the stomach, such as gelatin, cookies, soups, and apple jam. Drink plenty of water or other non-calorie liquids like tea to make sure you stay hydrated. If you are taking insulin, you may need to taste drinks, such as juice or a sports drink, to keep your blood sugar level from falling too low.


Alcohol

Alcohol can result in low blood sugar soon after drinking and for up to 24 hours more.

What to do:

Alcohol can aggravate diabetes complications such as nerve damage and eye disease. But if your diabetes is controlled and your doctor agrees, an occasional alcoholic drink may be released.

Do not drink alcohol on an empty stomach. If you take insulin or other diabetes medicines, be sure to eat before you drink or drink with a meal to avoid low blood sugar.

Choose your drinks carefully. Light beer and dry wines have fewer calories and carbohydrates than other alcoholic beverages. If you prefer mixed drinks such as diet soda, tonic diet, club soda or sparkling water - it will not increase your blood sugar.

Remember to include calories from any type of alcohol you drink in your daily calorie count. Ask your doctor or dietitian how to incorporate calories and carbohydrates from alcoholic beverages into your diet plan.

Check your blood sugar before bed. Because alcohol can lower your blood sugar levels long after you had your last drink, check your blood sugar before going to sleep.

Menstruation and Menopause

Changes in hormone levels week before and during menstruation can result in significant fluctuations in blood sugar levels. And in the few years before and during menopause, hormonal changes can result in unpredictable variations in blood sugar levels that complicate diabetes management.

What to do:

Look for patterns. Keep careful control of your blood sugar readings from month to month. You may be able to predict fluctuations related to your menstrual cycle.
 Adjust your diabetes treatment plan as needed. Your doctor may recommend changes to your meal plan, medications to compensate for blood sugar variation.

Check blood sugar more often . If you are approaching menopause or are in menopause, talk to your doctor to see if you need to monitor your blood sugar more often. Menopausal symptoms can sometimes be confused with low blood sugar symptoms, so whenever possible, check your blood sugar before treating a suspicion to confirm low blood sugar.

Stress
 If you are stressed, your body's hormones produced in response to prolonged stress can cause your blood sugar to rise. Also, it may be harder to closely monitor your usual routine, controlling your diabetes if you are under a lot of extra pressure.
 What to do 
Look for patterns, your stress level on a scale of 1 to 10, take control after knowing how stress affects your blood sugar level. Learn relaxation techniques, prioritize your tasks and set boundaries. Whenever possible, avoid common stressors. Exercise can often help relieve stress and lower your blood sugar level.







Control Diabetes? Adequate sleep is a key factor  


Stressful events (such as insomnia), overeating, high blood sugar, excessive thirst and frequent urination. Does this sound familiar?
Many who have diabetes describe this "vicious cycle." For example, high blood glucose causes excessive thirst and, as a result, frequent urination that may cause you to get up several times at night and thus keep you awake or asleep. When you do not sleep well, you tend to eat more, which will lead you to weight gain.

Research has found that insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetesSpecifically, sleep duration and quality emerged as predictors of hemoglobin A1c levels, an important marker of blood sugar control .

Recent research suggests that optimizing sleep duration and quality may be an important means of improving blood sugar control in people with type 2 diabetes.

Experts recommend that most adults should have seven to eight hours of sleep a day, but the need for sleep varies with individuals. If you rely on an alarm clock to wake you up, get irritated or forgetful, and need caffeine to keep you alert throughout the day, you're probably getting a good night's sleep.

Some Tips for Better Sleep

 The US National Sleep Foundation recommends the following:
 Go to bed at the same time every night and get up at the same time the next morning.
Make sure your room is a quiet, dark and relaxing environment that is not warm enough, neither too hot nor too cold.
Make sure your bed is comfortable and use it only for sleeping and not for other activities such as reading, watching TV or listening to music. Preferably, avoid having TV and / or computer in your room.
Avoid eating large meals before bedtime.
As you know, being overweight or obese is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes, but it is also a risk factor for sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by loud snoring and breathing pauses while you sleep.

There are effective treatments for sleep apnea. If you (or a person close to you) suspect you may have sleep apnea, talk to a doctor.

The Truth About Diabetes

The cause of many of the most common illnesses today, including type 2 diabetes, begins with choices and activities that do not leave our bodies without the essential life force - healthy habits of mind and body. As a result, the only permanent solution to the cure of type 2 diabetes and other diseases is nothing more than a simple correction of our daily habits.

Pharmaceutical companies and doctors concerned about your earnings want you to believe that a “magic bullet” approach to existing illness , in the form of a pill or other medications you can take, will bring healing. But these medications sometimes only add one more problem, and don't provide a solution.

Great health can only be achieved by observing a series of simple natural laws and making the best choices for your body every day. As we will see shortly, these apply only to the things you eat, but also to the things you drink, your activity level, and even the things you think about, always remember the premise: “healthy mind, healthy body ", Among other things.

The truth about diabetes is that it can be cured. It can even be avoided before it forms. But the solution lies in their own lifestyle choices, rather than expensive and dangerous drugs or other ineffective modern treatments.

The Number 1 Most Common Cause of Diabetes

The biggest factor contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes in adults and children is obesity. But obesity itself is not the cause of the disease, just the symptom.

The cause of the disease, in fact, is that people become obese in the first place - eating healthy and nutritious foods and exercising is not enough.

One way you can think of your health is to think of a seesaw. When two children of the same weight are seated on opposite seats of a seesaw, the seat connecting bar will be parallel to the ground. But when the force is applied by any of the children, and one of the children tries to press the bar down using his legs, it causes the bar to temporarily become out of balance and the child on the opposite seat to raise. When gravity returns the seesaw to its original resting state, the other child can apply the force and the process is repeated with only the opposite side rising.

Like a seesaw, the healthy functions of your body require a state of balance. When you provide the proper amount of foods that contain the vitamins, minerals and nutrients you need properly, body functions can work together.

Similarly, when your body's natural metabolism and activity level burns the same number of calories you consume through the foods you eat, you maintain the same weight.

But what happens when you apply additional force to one side or the other? When you consume more food than your body needs to function, you consume foods that do not contain the nutritional requirements you need, or both, it makes your body work out of balance.

Similarly, when you have a sedentary lifestyle and you don't do enough activity to burn off the calories you are consuming, when your body's metabolism works slower than it should, or both, your body's natural functions too. are out of balance.

In the case of people who are obese, both imbalances occur at the same time. And instead of your body's natural seesaw being in perfect balance, both sides are swinging up and down at an ever faster rate. Inevitably, there will be a collapse in the form of the development of Type 2 Diabetes or another disease.









No comments

Featured Post

Telegram groups channels for Engineers | Civil, Mechanical, Etc.

Telegram groups channels for Engineers | Civil, Mechanical, Etc. Telegram Groups Channels for Engineers | Civil, Mechanical, Elec...

Powered by Blogger.